• margins are 1 inch (not 1 1/4)
  • font is readable, 12pt.
  • double-spaced
  • color is black, or dark blue/green
  • Name and pagenumber on top right corner of body pages; use the MS word header: "Lastname 123"
  • Fasten pages with a staple or clip; please don't submit fancy binders.

Title page

  • includes original, explanatory title; initial letters are capitals; no underlining!
  • Student's first and last names
  • date
  • course name and time
  • teacher


  • Include the current version of your abstract on its own page. If you have made significant changes from the proposal, your abstract should reflect them.


  • Include your outline in whatever format you adopted. (Not graded; you include it so that I can help you with organization.)


  • First paragraph(s) introduce a topic and move towards a focus, articulating a clear research question. (The introduction to a long essay is often more than one paragraph).
  • Organization / outlining: from paragraph to paragraph and page to page, the essay develops facets of the topic in a systematic manner; you MAY include explanatory subheadings within the essay.
  • BACKGROUND: avoid beginning an essay with 2-4 pages of general background information; proceed directly to an exploration of the research question, providing background in small chunks as needed, throughout the course of your essay.
  • Transistions: major shifts in direction are signalled with transitional sentences or even whole transitional paragraphs.
  • Conclusion pulls together loose ends and, at a minimum, proposes a provisional answer to the research question. (The conclusion to a long essay such as this one can be 2-4 paragraphs).

Sources / Works Cited

  • A research essay concludes with a Works Cited page (bibliography) in MLA format, listing complete authors, titles, and publication information. MLA Format
  • At least 8 sources are incorporated
  • Each source used is attributed in the paragraph(s) where it is used; review MLA parenthetical citation guidelines if necessary.
  • Sources are relevant, used in meaningful locations and effective for their purposes;
  • Sources are SYNTHESIZED: introduced, integrated, discussed or applied.
  • All quotations clearly "identified" and cited (Author 123) in the text.
  • Quotations of 5 lines or more are DOUBLE INDENTED and not set in quotation marks
  • Indirect use of sources, through paraphrase and summary, is also credited (Author 123) .


Remember that direct or indirect use of others ideas, thoughts, and words must be credited in the fashion described above and in your course textbook. Use of unattributed materials constitutes plagiarism, whether it is intentional or accidental. DON'T MAKE THIS ERROR.



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